All Phase Plumbing & Heating


As part of any home building or renovation, plumbing plays a key role. New construction and renovation plumbing typically follows three steps: rough-in, top-out, and finish.

Modern plumbing systems provide corrosion resistance, flexibility in installation, and energy efficiency, yet they also raise environmental concerns due to limited long-term data on performance and durability.


Plumbing rough-in is one of the most critical steps in home construction, as this phase ensures water flows freely from all points within the house and waste is appropriately collected. A skilled plumber should be involved to help make intelligent choices and understand this complex process.

At this phase, your plumber will install all necessary pipes – hot and cold-water pipes to supply water to appliances and sinks; gas lines to appliances like water heaters; vent stacks that link your system with outside air; as well as installing an incoming mainline that connects directly with drains in your home. This process is known as rough-in.

An experienced plumber should consider factors like layout, local codes, and water efficiency when designing rough-in plumbing systems. They’ll also take future renovations into account to optimize the use of space behind walls – for instance, ensuring wastewater drain lines are angled appropriately to avoid issues associated with overly fast drainage.

Once the rough-in has been completed, your plumber will arrange an inspection with a city inspector to make sure everything complies with the code and is safe for your family to live in. Once they approve it, builders can cover over the pipes with drywall and start finishing your house.


Plumbing top-out is the second phase of new construction plumbing that occurs while the building or facility is still at its frame stage. Here, the piping network that supplies water, drains, bathtub and shower networks, as well as ventilation pipes, is installed. This phase usually comes after plumbing rough-in but prior to covering with walls such as drywall or other coverings such as shingles.

Plumbing contractors install gas lines for fireplaces, stoves, clothes dryers, and water heaters during this phase. Sinks, faucets, and toilets will also be connected at this time, as will tubs and showers, and washing machines will be connected to the venting system if necessary. A checklist should also be utilized during this stage to ensure all installation tasks are completed on schedule for a more straightforward construction project with timely inspections.


Plumbing finishing encompasses all aspects related to water movement in a house. This involves designing drainage mechanisms that enable rainwater or any other source to flow freely into public drainage systems; additionally, wastewater from kitchen and bathroom operations is directed into either septic tanks or public drainage systems for disposal.

Plumbers will install faucets, under-sink drain assemblies, and water system valves during this phase. Additionally, they will seal open lines before testing for leaks and hanging drywall on top. Plumbers must take great care in inspecting their installations to make sure that everything looks good and functions as intended before moving forward with further stages of the project.

Plumbers will often have to caulk or seal walls, floors, and ceilings where plumbing lines pass to prevent any leakage and make homes energy efficient. Furthermore, they must install a vent stack on the roof in order to vent wastewater away properly.

Design of the drainage system must take into account how waste water will flow efficiently through, rather than seeping into walls or becoming stagnant in any other manner. Pipes must be placed to work with gravity rather than work against it, and waste should be vented off appropriately to reduce health hazards and issues.


All Phase P&H has been offering licensed and insured plumbing services for over 27 years. Owner Matt Carson attended vocational trade school for two years in 1982 to further his education in plumbing and heating, becoming familiar with antiquated systems such as steam heating and cast iron piping installation. Contact them for a free estimate to see what they can do for you – customer satisfaction is guaranteed, and all major credit cards are accepted!